Clean Cook Stove Programme The Clean Cookstove programme of SEWA in Assam has promote the adoption of clean cook-stoves for tea estate workers and rural households. In Tea Estates household requires 3 stacks (A stack is roughly 6 feet X 6 feet X 6 feet in length, breadth and height, approximately 216 cft. ) of firewood annually to cook their daily meals. One stack of firewood is supplied by the management annually and the remaining are bought, collected or illegally sourced from forests by households. Forest wood is largely used as an energy source for cooking in rural areas. Only 11.14% ( Census, 2011) households in rural areas have access to LPG connection. People largely depend upon forest for collection of fuel wood both for domestic consumption and commercial outlets. Therefore, the project aims to provide an alternative to the community by way of fuel efficiency stoves and knowledge so that their dependency on forest fire wood could be minimized and subsequently the habitat can be saved with such intervention. SEWA has been working for the last couple of years to save environment, air pollution and minimized the impact on health from indoor smoke. Under the Fuel Efficiency Stove in Tea Estate of Assam Project, supported by Give2Asia USA, SEWA has already installed CleanCook stoves in 1500 households covering 8nos.Tea Estates through the recently ended project. The said project has reduced the burden on women and children, as they spend a disproportionate amount of their productive time collecting firewood, the clean cook-stoves provided an opportunity to reduce the incidences of smoke-related respiratory and eye problems, particularly for women and children. The Clean Cookstove project is to promote an enabling market for efficient and clean cook stoves by strengthening local capacity in the production and distribution of cook stoves. Clean Cookstoves are highly effective in reducing the fuel wood consumption and improving the general health and hygiene of the community. The traditional use of fuel wood for cook stoves, which are mostly extracted from the nearby forest, has led to lose of habitat and contributed to air pollution that is detrimental to the health of locals. Apart from households, fuel wood is also used for cooking in commercial establishments e.g. Anganwadi Centre, schools etc. In order to address this problem of widespread use of fuel wood, SEWA is planning to provide Clean CookStove which has less impact on environment and health compared to conventional stoves used by the community. Give2Asia supported the Fuel Efficiency Stove Project of SEWA has developed two stove models: 1. Single pot rocket stove with a larger mouth which can burn even larger pieces of wood, eliminates 70% of indoor air pollution and has a fuel efficiency rate of 30-35%. The cost of this clean cook stove is INR 350 2. Double pot stove with a chimney which eliminates 90% of indoor air pollution and has a fuel efficiency of 22-25%. The cost of this stove INR 650. The Propose project would cover 80000 Households of Tea Estates and periphery villages of Assam. Alarming Note: The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that exposure to smoke from the simple act of cooking constitutes the fourth leading risk factor for disease in developing countries, and causes 4.3 million premature deaths per year – exceeding deaths attributable to malaria or tuberculosis. In addition, tens of millions more fall sick with illnesses that could readily be prevented with improved adoption of clean and efficient cookstoves and fuels. In addition to the enormous health toll, this cooking method carries an enormous environmental burden; the emissions from the combustion of unsustainably harvested wood fuel alone accounts for roughly 2% of global greenhouse gas emissions Daily exposure to toxic smoke from traditional cooking practices penetrating deep into the lungs of its victims, this acrid smoke causes a range of deadly chronic and acute health effects such as child pneumonia, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and heart disease, as well as low birth-weights in children born to mothers whose pregnancies are spent breathing toxic fumes from traditional cookstoves. As per National Sample Survey (NSS) over two-thirds of households in rural India still rely on firewood for cooking, As per survey conducted by NSSO during 68th round of the NSSO on fuel used for cooking In India on a nationally representative sample during 2011-12 the use of firewood for cooking in rural households stands 67.3%. In Assam fire wood remained one of the major fuels for cooking. According to National Family Health Survey 4 (2015-16) revealed under the head Population and Household Profile, said only 25.1% of households in Assam used clean fuel for cooking. The survey showed that only 15.6% rural households in the state used clean fuel.(clean fuel for cooking referred to the use of electricity, LPG/natural gas and biogas as a cooking medium.) Overall, Assam fared poorly compared to other states like Manipur (where 42.1% households used clean fuel), Sikkim (59.1%) and Tripura (31.9%). The Tea industry in Assam employs a large section of population directly in production and processing sectors. More than 500,000 labourers work on the tea estates, earning daily wages of US$1,5 or less. They live in small mud houses provided by the plantation. A typical household requires 1,9 tonnes of firewood annually to cook their daily meals. 60% of the wood is supplied by the estate management, as per the 1951 Plantation Labour Act, but compliance is threatened by declines in wood availability. The remaining 40% is bought, collected or stolen by households, with children and women spending a disproportionate amount of their productive time sourcing this. Exposure to the toxic fumes is greatest among Tea Estates house hold especially women and young children, who spend a disproportionate amount of time near open fires or traditional cookstoves tending to the family meal. Typical wood-fired cook stoves and open fires emit small particles, carbon monoxide, and other noxious fumes that are up to 100 times higher than the recommended limits set by WHO, and in some settings, considerably higher.